Structure of italian educational system

The Italian educational system is currently based on the division between public school (which is based on subsidies) and private school. The levels are :
— Kindergarten (3-5 years)
— Primary school (6-10 years)
— Middle School (11-13 years)
— High school (14-18 years).
The school is compulsory until the completion the first two years of high school.
As part of high school, distinguished schools (classic, scientific, educational, artistic,language) and technical institutes professional.

School organization

The Ministry of Education shall, through its central and peripheral for services related to maternal primary, secondary, higher secondary and artistic.
Under these powers, it is for the administration Central:
— Coordinating the activities of schools of all type and level within the framework of the objectives education and training of children and youth;
— Promoting the dissemination of issues relating to training and the relationship between school and the world of art, culture and science through conferences, exhibitions, grants and awards for publications,
studies and research;
— Perform administrative functions and supervision provided by the Act of
laws on education, with regard to schools State any level, courses
preparation for examinations, schools and institutions Foreign cultural Italy.
Minister sets out the objectives and programmes .

The Ministry of Education is currently promoting a reform of the system national school read here

  Regional Office school
The Office regional school, established in capital of each region, to ensure
carrying out tasks relating to procedures competition for staff school and staff administration, school device, the school calendar

First cycle of education

 

Primary school

Age 6-11

Lower secondary school

Age 11- 14

Second cycle of education

Students choose among the following upper secondary schools:

 

Classical upper secondary school

 

Scientific upper secondary school

 

Linguistic upper secondary school

 

Upper secondary school with a sociological-

psychological and pedagogical orientation

Age 14-19

Art school

Age 14-19

Technical school

Age 14-19

Vocational school

Age 14-19

 

 

 

 

Higher education

 

After completing the higher secondary school, students must pass an exam in order to receive their “Diploma di Maturità”.

Once they have their diplomas, they either begin their careers in their professions or move on to the University

Italy has forty two state universities, six private universities, three technical universities and twelve specialized university institutes.

Each university offers four main courses: diploma universitario (university diploma), Diploma di Laurea (Bachelor of Arts/Science), Dottorato di Ricerca (research doctorate), and Diploma di

Specializzazione (diploma of specialization).

Primary education

The primary school, begins at age six and continues for five years.

Class sizes generally run about twenty five children per class with a minimum of ten students. Schooling and textbooks are free.

The school year comprises at least 200 days between the beginning of September and the end of June.

Schools open five or six days a week, full day or half day, depending on the institution.

Compulsory annual teaching hours are 891; this amount is subdivided into 33 teaching weeks with an average amount of 27 weekly hours.

According to school autonomy, each educational institution is responsible for the organisation of its annual teaching time.

 

School Curricula

The Indicazioni (National guidelines) are nationally determined and adapted to local needs by each school according to school autonomy. Knowledge and skills are indicated for each subject; the school will help pupils to transform them into personal competencies.

The guidelines define the essential performance levels that should be ensured by each school.

Specific learning objectives at primary school level have been defined for the following subjects: catholic religion, Italian, English language, history, geography, mathematics, science, ICT, music, art, sport and motory sciences.

Furthermore, specific learning objectives on “education to civil life”, which include “citizenship, environment, health,nourishment and affective life education” are indicated in the guidelines.

Italian school system has been characterized in recent years by big changes: the rise of education, reorganization of technical and professional institutions, the reform of State, the institution of the right and duty to education and training, the introduction of integrated pathways between vocational education and training, strengthening the autonomy of educational institutions in the definition of training.

As in other EU countries, including Italy, the duration of education was raised to 10 years in law 27/12/2006, n.296, Article 1, paragraph 622.

The decree stipulates that everyone is guaranteed the right and true for all the duty to education and training until the attainment of a diploma or a qualification of at least three years before eighteen years of age.
Young people that have achieved the title of concluding the first round (licensed media) are required for inclusion in secondary schools on appeal or paths integrated education and training, scheduled on the basis of the framework signed in Conference

The rules on education define the key competences to be acquired at the end of compulsory education: learning to learn, plan, communicate, cooperate and participate, act independently and responsibly, solve problems, identify connections and relationships, acquire and interpret information and seek to innovate the teaching methods in the four cultural core: linguistic, mathematical, scientific-technological, historical and social order to promote the full development of interaction with the natural and social reality

Some schools located in Rionero in Vulture

 

kindergartenPrimary SchoolMiddle SchoolHigh SchoolHigh School Art

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Romanian Educational System

According to the Law on Education adopted in 1995, the Romanian Educational System is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Research. Each level has its own form of organization and is subject to different legislations. Kindergarten is optional between 3 and 6 years old. Schooling starts at age 7 (sometimes 6), and is compulsory until the 10th grade (which usually corresponds to the age of 17 or 16). Primary and secondary education are divided in 12 or 13 grades. Higher education is aligned onto the European higher education area. Our educational system is divided along two main levels: 1. Pre-university level (Kindergarten, Primary School with Elementary School, grades I to IV and Gymnasium, grades V to VIII, High School, grades IX to XII/XIII, Vocational education); 2. Higher education education, with four components: Bachelor -3 years, Master – 2 years, Doctorate 3 years and Lifelong learning.